Navigating Regulatory Twists: Unpacking Updates from AER & AEMO in Australian Energy Policies

Introduction

Hello, savvy energy consumers and stakeholders! Are you bamboozled by the ever-changing landscape of Australian energy policies? You're not alone. With regulators like the Australian Energy Regulator (AER) and the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) dropping updates on energy policies like hotcakes, keeping up can be a full-time job. That's where we come in. This article will illuminate the path for businesses and consumers navigating recent updates, and trust us, this isn't just insider baseball. From the money you fork over for power to sustainable solutions that combat climate change, this guide is your lantern in the fog of regulatory change. We’re your ultimate stop for understanding energy management.

A Brief on Regulatory Bodies

Who is AER?

The Australian Energy Regulator (AER) might sound like an ominous institution, but think of it as your advocate. They keep the energy market just and competitive, so you don't have to worry about price gouging or shady practices.

Role & Responsibilities:

Who is AEMO?

If the AER is your advocate, the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) is your navigator. They manage the nation's electricity and gas systems and markets. It's all about real-time operations here.

Difference from AER:

The Winds of Change: Recent Updates on Australian Energy Policies

New Subsidies

Subsidies are like unexpected tax returns; they’re delightful windfalls for your budget. New grants for adopting green technologies are turning heads.

Types of Subsidies:

Updated Regulations

With AER's frequent updates, it’s vital to keep an eye on the ever-changing landscape to avoid financial potholes. For example, the Retail Electricity Pricing Inquiry has resulted in several reforms. Revisit your energy buying strategies to adapt to these updates.

Incentives for Renewable Energy

Forget brown—it's all about going green now! With Australia looking to reduce its carbon footprint, new incentives are popping up for the renewable sector.

List of Incentives:

Understanding the Impact

Hold onto your seats because these regulatory changes aren't minor tremors; they're seismic shifts that will influence various sectors and people differently. Understanding the impact of updates on energy policies from AER and AEMO is critical for plotting your next moves in the complex chessboard that is the Australian energy market.

On Businesses

Hey businesses, time to do some serious homework! With the introduction of new subsidies and regulation updates, you've got more than just numbers to crunch. The regulatory landscape isn't just a backdrop; it's an active participant shaping your company's future.

1.     Cost Factor: Subsidies, tax breaks, and other incentives are all exciting, but they also add new variables to your accounting equation. Financial gains might be substantial for those who leap early into the renewable bandwagon.

2.     Green Compliance: AER and AEMO have made it clear—sustainability isn't optional anymore. Companies might need to invest in renewable energy infrastructure, impacting initial capital but promising long-term savings.

3.     Supply Chain Reshuffling: With an increased focus on green energy, your suppliers might also be switching their energy sourcing. This could affect contract terms and costs, making it crucial to renegotiate or even switch suppliers.

4.     Risk and Opportunity: Regulatory changes are a double-edged sword. While they bring challenges, they also usher in opportunities to innovate and gain a competitive edge.

5.     Operational Changes: New tariffs and standards mean you might have to adjust your internal operations. It could be as minor as turning off unused lights or as significant as a production line overhaul.

Feel overwhelmed? That's what energy consultants are for. They can provide tailored advice, ensuring you're not just surviving these changes but thriving through them.

On Renewable Energy Sector

No more bench-warming, renewables! You’re now center stage, and the spotlight is all yours. These updates are an open invitation for renewable sectors to expand, innovate, and capture the market. But it's not all sunshine and wind breezes.

1.     Increased Funding: Government grants and private investments are likely to flow more freely. Great for projects that have been waiting for that financial push!

2.     Market Credibility: With regulatory backing, renewable energy options are no longer the "alternative"—they're becoming mainstream. This elevates the market credibility, attracting more consumers and partnerships.

3.     Technological Challenges: Increased attention means you have to deliver. There will be pressure to improve tech capabilities, from energy storage to efficiency.

4.     Policy Sensitivity: Being the darling of regulators is fabulous until it's not. Stay updated on policy nuances to ensure you're aligning with the latest guidelines.

5.     Scalability: With new subsidies and increased demand, comes the challenge to scale operations. Expansion is good, but growing pains like supply chain issues and talent acquisition can pose challenges.

There you have it! The changes coming from AER and AEMO will hit the energy sector like a whirlwind, affecting every small and big player in the game. Whether you're a business magnate or a green energy crusader, the impact will be profound, varied, and impossible to ignore. So, stay informed, adapt, and keep aiming for that sustainable, cost-effective energy future.

How to Adapt?

Energy Procurement Strategies

With regulatory wind shifts, your energy buying strategy might need a revamp. We’re talking updated contracts, revised pricing, and maybe even a whole new provider.

Table: Procurement Strategies

StrategyBest ForProsCons
Request for ProposalLarge ContractsCustomized SolutionsTime-consuming
Progressive PurchasingMarket FluctuationsCost-effectiveRequires Constant Monitoring

Keeping Up with Changes

You need to stay on your toes. Information is power, so arm yourself with subscriptions to updates from regulatory bodies, and perhaps, sneak into some webinars or seminars about the latest changes.

The Nitty-Gritty: Legislation Texts

We've talked big picture, but what about the fine print? Legislation texts are like the secret recipes behind all these energy changes. They're dense, filled with legal jargon, but incredibly important. It’s not just reading between the lines; it's about understanding the lines themselves.

Importance of Textual Analysis

1.     Legal Compliance: The law isn't just a suggestion; it's a requirement. Detailed understanding of legislative texts ensures you're not just winging it—you're complying.

2.     Avoiding Fines: Ignorance of the law excuses no one. Misinterpretation or lack of awareness can result in hefty fines. Sometimes, these fines can be large enough to cripple a business.

3.     Informed Decision-Making: By understanding the legislation, you're better placed to make strategic decisions. It allows you to foresee impacts on your business operations and model scenarios to prepare for the future.

4.     Dispute Resolution: In case of legal conflicts with suppliers, competitors, or regulators, your in-depth understanding can be your best defence.

Interpretation Tools

1.     Legal Consultants: Don't skimp on legal advice. These folks are trained to translate legislation into layman's terms.

2.     AI Tools: There's software capable of breaking down legislation into simpler language and highlighting the parts most relevant to your business.

3.     Peer Reviews: Never underestimate the power of a second opinion. Other businesses and industry groups often publish their interpretations and guidelines which can offer additional perspectives.

4.     Webinars and Workshops: Regularly organized by institutions, these provide practical insights into what the legislation means for your industry.

Case Studies

1.     Business Reforms: Many companies leveraged policy changes to evolve into more sustainable models. You can read about real-world instances of firms adapting successfully in our case studies section.

2.     Regulatory Pitfalls: Companies that didn’t adapt or misinterpreted legislation faced consequences. These are cautionary tales worth paying attention to.

3.     Technological Integration: Some firms have integrated technology solutions to help navigate the legislative maze. Our technology page shows how you can employ tech in your legislative interpretation.

Understanding the nitty-gritty of legislation texts isn't just legal prudence—it's business savvy. If you're going to navigate this labyrinth, better do it with a full understanding of the map. It might seem like a cumbersome task, but it's one that could save you considerable time, money, and headaches down the line.

Opportunities and Pitfalls

Subsidies

Not all gold glitters—sometimes you have to dig for it! Subsidies aren't handed on a silver platter; you need to apply.

How to Apply:

1.     Check Eligibility: Each grant or subsidy has specific criteria.

2.     Gather Documents: Your utility bills, ID proof, and perhaps tax returns.

3.     Submit Application: Usually done online, but some might require a more traditional approach.

Regulatory Traps

Oh, the traps! They are the puddles you don’t want to step in. These can be compliance fines or penalties for not meeting new standards.

Common Mistakes:

Technology in Regulatory Compliance

Tech isn't just about the latest iPhone; it’s also about simplifying regulatory compliance. From tracking energy usage to automating compliance reports, technology is a tool you can leverage.

Conclusion

Navigating the complex world of Australian energy policies require a roadmap, and this guide aims to be just that. With constant changes from bodies like AER and AEMO, knowledge isn't just power—it's savings, efficiency, and sustainability. For more tailored guidance, don't hesitate to reach out to our people.

Let’s pave the way to a smarter, greener future for energy in Australia! 🌏

Riding the Energy Wave: A Synopsis

Understanding the Rising Energy Prices

In the heart of Australia's economic landscape, a pressing issue is casting a shadow over businesses large and small: the rising cost of energy. Over recent years, energy prices have surged. This created a challenging environment for enterprises striving to balance their books and maintain profitability. This article delves into this critical issue. We will explore the factors contributing to the price increase and the profound impact it's having on the business sector.

The cost of energy in Australia has been on an upward trajectory. The prices are rising by a staggering 20% in the past two years alone. This surge is not a simple consequence of market forces at play. It's a complex issue with roots in various aspects of the energy sector. From the volatility of global energy markets to domestic policy decisions, a multitude of factors are driving up the cost of keeping the lights on in businesses across the country.

One of the primary contributors to the price hike is the wholesale cost of electricity. As reported by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), residential electricity bills were higher across most National Electricity Market states in the September quarter of the previous year compared to the equivalent quarter in 2021. The ACCC's latest Electricity Market Inquiry Report reveals that electricity bills are set to increase further this year as the record high wholesale prices from mid-2022 continue to flow through to customers.

While households are feeling the pinch, the impact on businesses is even more pronounced. Companies, particularly those in energy-intensive sectors such as manufacturing and hospitality, are grappling with the financial strain of escalating energy bills. For these businesses, energy is not just a utility. It's a critical operational component, and any increase in cost directly impacts their bottom line.

The Impact of Rising Energy Prices on SMEs

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which form the backbone of Australia's economy, are particularly vulnerable. These businesses often operate on thin margins. Any increase in operational costs can pose a significant threat to their viability. The rising energy prices are thus not just an economic issue. It's a threat to the very fabric of Australia's business ecosystem.

The situation is further complicated by the ongoing energy transition in Australia. The country is in the midst of a shift towards renewable energy sources in a bid to meet its 2030 climate targets. However, this transition is not without its challenges. Manufacturers, for instance, are voicing concerns about the security of electricity supply as baseload coal power stations are phased out. They argue that the pace of the energy transition is falling behind and a full assessment is needed of the feasibility and impact of reaching the end-of-decade targets.

Take, for instance, a small manufacturing firm. The rising cost of energy directly impacts its production costs, squeezing profit margins. This could lead to tough decisions, such as cutting back on production, laying off staff, or even raising product prices, which could affect competitiveness. The situation is similar for businesses in the hospitality sector, where high energy costs can mean higher prices for customers or a compromise on service quality.

The challenges are particularly acute for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Unlike larger corporations, SMEs often lack the resources to absorb increased costs or invest in energy-efficient technologies. They are also less likely to have dedicated energy management teams. This makes it harder for them to navigate the complex energy market and find the best deals.

The Challenges of Transitioning Towards Renewable Energy

The energy transition presents another layer of complexity. While the shift towards renewable energy is necessary for environmental sustainability, it brings with it a set of challenges. Manufacturers are voicing concerns about the reliability of electricity supply as baseload coal power stations are phased out. They argue that the pace of the energy transition is not keeping up with the need for reliable, affordable energy, and are calling for a more measured approach.

The government and regulatory bodies are not oblivious to these challenges. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) has been actively monitoring the situation. Their findings have led to recommendations for consumers to check their bills and compare prices to ensure they are not paying more than necessary. However, for many businesses, particularly SMEs, navigating the energy market can be a daunting task.

The government has also introduced rebates from 1 July this year, providing some relief to eligible households and small businesses. However, these measures are often seen as a drop in the ocean compared to the scale of the problem. There is a growing call for more comprehensive and long-term solutions to address the high energy prices.

Strategies to Combat Rising Energy Prices

As we navigate the complex landscape of high energy prices, it becomes clear that a multi-faceted approach is needed to mitigate their impact on businesses. This involves exploring potential solutions, harnessing renewable energy options, and equipping businesses with the knowledge to navigate the current energy landscape.

One of the most effective strategies for businesses to combat high energy prices is to invest in energy efficiency. This could involve upgrading to energy-efficient equipment, improving insulation, or implementing energy management systems. While these measures require an upfront investment, they can lead to significant savings in the long run. Moreover, they can also contribute to a company's sustainability goals, making it a win-win solution.

Renewable energy presents another avenue for cost savings. Solar power, for instance, has become increasingly affordable and can provide a reliable source of energy for businesses. By installing solar panels, businesses can generate their own electricity and reduce their reliance on the grid, thereby insulating themselves from price hikes. Government incentives for renewable energy use can further enhance the financial viability of this option.

However, navigating the energy market and understanding the various options can be a daunting task, particularly for SMEs. This is where energy consultants can play a crucial role. By providing expert advice and tailored solutions, they can help businesses make informed decisions and maximise their energy savings.

In addition to these strategies, businesses can also benefit from staying informed about the energy market and government policies. This includes keeping an eye on wholesale electricity prices, understanding the implications of the energy transition, and being aware of any government rebates or incentives.

Conclusion

In conclusion, high energy prices pose a significant challenge for Australian businesses. However, with the right strategies and support, businesses can not only survive but thrive in this challenging environment. By investing in energy efficiency, harnessing renewable energy, and seeking expert advice, businesses can mitigate the impact of high energy prices and secure a sustainable future. As the energy landscape continues to evolve, adaptability and resilience will be key to success.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: Why are energy prices rising in Australia?

A: The rise in energy prices in Australia is due to a combination of factors. These include the volatility of global energy markets, domestic policy decisions, and the wholesale cost of electricity. The ongoing energy transition towards renewable sources also presents challenges that can impact prices.

Q2: How are high energy prices affecting businesses?

A: High energy prices directly impact the operational costs of businesses, particularly those in energy-intensive sectors. This can lead to reduced profit margins and may force businesses to make tough decisions such as cutting back on production, laying off staff, or raising product prices.

Q3: What challenges do small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face due to high energy prices?

A: SMEs often operate on thin margins. Any increase in operational costs can pose a significant threat to their viability. They also often lack the resources to absorb increased costs or invest in energy-efficient technologies, making them particularly vulnerable to high energy prices.

Q4: What concerns are being raised about Australia's energy transition?

A: While the shift towards renewable energy is necessary for environmental sustainability, it brings with it a set of challenges. Concerns have been raised about the reliability of electricity supply as baseload coal power stations are phased out, and the pace of the energy transition in relation to the need for reliable, affordable energy.

Q5: What strategies can businesses adopt to mitigate the impact of high energy prices?

A: Businesses can invest in energy efficiency, harness renewable energy options, and seek expert advice to navigate the energy market. Staying informed about the energy market and government policies, including any rebates or incentives, can also be beneficial.

Q6: How can renewable energy help businesses combat high energy prices?

A: Renewable energy, such as solar power, can provide a reliable and increasingly affordable source of energy for businesses. By generating their own electricity, businesses can reduce their reliance on the grid and insulate themselves from price hikes. Government incentives can further enhance the financial viability of renewable energy options.

Q7: How can energy consultants assist businesses in navigating high energy prices?

A: Energy consultants can provide expert advice and tailored solutions to help businesses make informed decisions and maximise their energy savings. They can assist businesses in understanding the energy market, exploring various energy options, and implementing energy-efficient measures.

The Power Paradox: Australia's Energy Infrastructure in the Balance

The complex network of Australia's energy infrastructure is at a turning point. The two main electricity markets, the National Electricity Market (NEM) and the South West Interconnected System (SWIS), are coping with a rapidly evolving energy landscape.

Key Insights: Navigating the Energy Crossroads

The Current State of Australia's Energy Infrastructure

The NEM, which serves the eastern and southern states, is the largest interconnected power system in the world. It is experiencing a boom in renewable energy, with solar and wind energy increasing at a rate that is still just half of what is required to fulfill future demand. Similar trends are also being seen in Western Australia's SWIS, but on a smaller scale.

However, the rapid expansion of renewable energy generation is not without difficulties. Australia's energy infrastructure, which has been supported by its aging coal-fired power plants, is having difficulty keeping up. Grid instability and blackouts are also being caused by the intermittent nature of renewable energy and the lack of adequate storage solutions.

One important factor of these difficulties is the underinvestment in energy infrastructure. Australia has not made enough investments in its energy infrastructure. This is despite being the world's largest exporter of coal and liquefied natural gas. The cost of building energy infrastructure in Australia in the 2022 fiscal year came to about 5.4 billion Australian dollars. It was higher than the year before but still insufficient to meet the rising demand.

The Investment Drought

Australia's underinvestment in its energy infrastructure is not something new. The country's energy industry has long been plagued by a lack of long-term investment and planning. The NEM, which supplies electricity to the eastern and southern regions of the nation, has been significantly impacted. The NEM has been struggling to balance ensuring the reliability of the electrical supply while incorporating a rising proportion of renewable energy into the system.

The situation is no better in the West. The South West Interconnected System (SWIS), which serves the southwestern part of Western Australia, has also been struggling with underinvestment. Despite being rich in renewable energy resources, the SWIS has been slow to transition away from fossil fuels, largely due to a lack of investment in renewable energy infrastructure.

The lack of investment in energy infrastructure is not just a problem for the energy sector. It has broader implications for the Australian economy. Energy is a key input for many industries, and the lack of reliable and affordable electricity can hamper economic growth and competitiveness.

The Cost of Inaction

Australian consumers and businesses are already paying the price for underinvesting in electricity infrastructure. The cost of electricity has been increasing, and supply dependability has come under scrutiny. In the eastern states, where power costs are among the highest in the world, the situation is especially bad.

The high electricity prices are partly due to the high cost of gas, which is used for electricity generation. Australia is the largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the world. However, it has some of the highest domestic gas prices. This is because most of the gas produced in Australia is exported, leaving little for domestic use.

The situation is exacerbated by the lack of competition in the gas market. A small number of companies control the majority of gas production and supply. This has led to allegations of price gouging. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) has been investigating these allegations, but so far, no significant action has been taken.

The high cost of gas is not just a problem for electricity generation. It also affects other industries that rely on gas, such as manufacturing and agriculture. These industries have been struggling with high energy costs, which have been eating into their profits and threatening their viability.

The Need for Action

The underinvestment in Australia's energy infrastructure should not be overlooked. It poses a threat to the nation's economic well-being and energy security. There is a pressing need for action.

The Australian government has taken action to solve the issue after realizing how serious it is. For instance, it has made plans to spend money on new electrical transmission lines and other infrastructure to help the grid's integration of renewable energy. These steps, however, fall short. More needs to be done to promote investment in energy infrastructure and to guarantee the affordability and dependability of the electricity supply.

The high price of gas is another issue that the government must address. This may involve taking steps to boost domestic gas production, encourage competition in the gas market, and control gas pricing. To make sure they don't deter investment in the gas business, any actions imposed must be carefully considered.

The Need for Generational Investment in Energy Infrastructure

As the sun sets on Australia's coal era, the dawn of a new energy landscape is upon us. However, this transition is not without its challenges. The current state of Australia's energy infrastructure is akin to a house built for a bygone era, ill-equipped to accommodate the demands of the modern world. The rapid increase in renewable energy generation, coupled with the ageing coal-fired power stations, has exposed the cracks in the system. The grid instability and blackouts experienced in recent years are symptoms of a deeper issue: chronic underinvestment in the energy infrastructure.

The Solution

The solution to this problem is clear: a generational investment in Australia's energy infrastructure. This is not merely a matter of replacing old power stations with new ones. It involves a complete overhaul of the system, from the way electricity is generated to how it is transmitted and distributed. It requires the construction of new transmission lines, the upgrading of substations, and the implementation of advanced grid technologies. Moreover, it demands a shift in mindset. From viewing energy infrastructure as a cost to be minimised to recognising it as a vital asset that underpins the entire economy.

Such an investment has several advantages. For Australian companies, it translates to a more consistent and reasonably priced energy supply, which may lower operational costs and increase competitiveness. It can encourage expansion and employment creation for the larger economy, particularly in the field of renewable energy. By making it easier for renewable energy sources to be integrated into the grid, it can also aid Australia in achieving its climate targets.

However, making this generational investment is easier said than done. It necessitates a dedicated effort from all parties involved, including the government, business community, and consumers. To establish a favorable investment environment, policy changes are required, such as offering incentives for renewable energy projects and reducing regulatory restrictions. Reforms to the market are also required to guarantee an equitable distribution of the costs and advantages of energy infrastructure.

Conclusion

The road ahead is long and fraught with challenges. But the stakes are too high to back down. The future of Australia's energy sector, and indeed the entire economy, hinges on the decisions we make today. It's time to break free from the shackles of the past and embrace the promise of a sustainable, resilient, and prosperous future.

The Gas Paradox: Australia's Export Boom Amidst Domestic Shortages

The Paradox of Plenty

Australia is a country with abundant natural gas reserves. In fact, they are the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Despite this, the country is struggling with domestic gas shortages and rising prices. This paradoxical situation is often referred to as the “Gas Paradox.” It is a result of Australia’s export-oriented gas policy, which led to significant portion of its gas being shipped overseas.

The liquefaction and export of natural gas were made possible by the liberalisation of the country’s gas industry in the 1990s and technological advancements. As a result, Australia's gas prices started to follow those of the international market, where prices are higher. Due to this change, Australians now often pay more for their gas than customers from other countries.

Key Insights: Navigating the Gas Labyrinth

The Impact on Domestic Consumers and Businesses

This paradox has significant domestic ramifications. Due to the skyrocketing price of petroleum, Australian companies and people are feeling the pressure. The impact of the crisis is particularly felt by manufacturers. For instance, the cost of gas has increased by up to four times for Steritech, a firm that sterilizes medical devices. Consumers will unavoidably pay more because of this cost increase. This will then also raise the cost of health insurance and raise overall healthcare spending.

The nation's electricity market is affected by the gas problem as well. Since gas sets pricing in the National Electricity Market, rising gas prices have also raised the cost of power. The fact that certain gas power plants can't generate gas for less than $500 per megawatt-hour, which is much more expensive than the previous wholesale price of electricity, which was approximately $80 MWh, makes the issue even worse.

Seeking Solutions

Government involvement has been called for in response to the gas paradox. Critics argue that the government needs to implement export restrictions or price limitations on east coast gas, similar to the Western Australian policy that mandates businesses to reserve 15% of gas for local consumption. Others support a windfall profits tax, which would eliminate the incentive for LNG companies to sell all of their extra gas at inflated rates to Australian consumers while exporting it all overseas.

The industry, however, disputes the necessity for a reservation policy or pricing restrictions, claiming there is no supply issue. They think the answer lies in continuing investments that will increase the market's supply of gas.

The complicated issue of the gas paradox calls for a careful balancing act between retaining Australia's status as a top LNG exporter and guaranteeing domestic energy security. The government's answer will be essential in determining how Australia's gas sector develops in the future. More importantly, how it affects businesses and consumers at home.

The Impact on Domestic Consumers and Businesses

The effects of the gas paradox go beyond the purely abstract realms of international trade and energy policy. The lives and livelihoods of Australians are impacted directly on the ground by them. The cost of the high gas prices is mostly being carried by domestic consumers and companies, notably those on the east coast.

Manufacturers, whose operations rely significantly on gas, are feeling the pinch. Businesses that sterilize medical equipment, like Steritech, are now paying up to four times as much for gas as they did previously. This cost rise is more than simply a balance sheet item. It has practical ramifications, raising the price of medical operations and eventually increasing Australians' health insurance rates.

The electricity market is also impacted by the rising gas costs. More often than any other energy source, gas determines the price of electricity in the National Electricity Market (NEM). The wholesale cost of electricity also increases in tandem with the price of gas. A significant rise from the prior average wholesale price of about $80 per megawatt-hour has left some gas power plants unable to provide energy for less than $500 per megawatt-hour. Both homes and companies are affected by this price increase, which raises power costs.

The economy is not the only thing that's suffering from the gas paradox. Australia's efforts to transition to a low-carbon economy are also being undermined by it. Gas is frequently promoted as a "transition fuel" that can make the switch from coal to renewable energy sources easier. The high cost of gas, though, is making it less desirable as a coal alternative and might impede Australia's progress toward its climate targets.

The Search for Solutions and the Future of Australia's Gas Policy

The gas paradox has triggered a fierce debate about the future of Australia's energy policy. The issue of whether or not the East Coast should be covered by a gas reservation policy similar to Western Australia's is central to this debate.

In order to ensure a stable supply for both consumers and businesses in West Australia, the country's model reserves some of the gas that is exported into domestic use. The policy has been successful in keeping gas prices relatively low within the State, even if it exports a large volume of LNG.

In particular, the advocates of such a policy on the East Coast argue that it would be in the national interest for consumers and enterprises to have sufficient and affordable supplies of gas. The difference in gas prices on the eastern and western coasts, they argue, is an indication of possible benefits from this policy.

Opponents of the idea, however, caution that it would discourage investment in new gas projects. They argue that it might reduce production and exacerbate the supply issue. They contend that there should be no interference from the government in the market.

For the time being, the Australian government has rejected requests for an east coast gas reserve strategy. Instead, they chose a number of measures targeted at enhancing market transparency for gas and fostering more supplier competition. These measures include Australian Domestic Gas Security Mechanism (ADGSM). ADGSM provides the government the authority to limit LNG exports in the event of a domestic supply shortage.

Conclusion

The gas paradox is a challenging issue with no simple answers. It serves as a harsh reminder of the difficulties Australia must overcome as it attempts to preserve energy affordability and security while navigating the shift to a low-carbon economy. It is hoped that as the discussion progresses, a fair and long-term solution to gas policy will emerge, one that is in the best interests of all Australians.

To keep up with the latest on gas pricing, check out our monthly Energy Market Wraps.

Fueling the Fire: Australia's Gas Market Paradox Threatens Consumers and Businesses

Note: The content of this article is based on the provided information and publicly available sources. It does not constitute financial or investment advice. Readers are encouraged to conduct further research and consult with relevant experts.

Australia's gas market presents a paradoxical situation where the nation stands as the largest exporter of gas globally, yet local businesses face higher costs and neglect in the face of soaring prices. Abundant natural gas reserves and a thriving export industry coexist with domestic shortages, impacting consumers and businesses across the country. In this article, we delve into the dynamics of the Australian gas market. We will focus on the disparity between East Coast and West Coast gas prices and the implications for Australian businesses. Through an exploration of industry reports and expert opinions, we aim to shed light on Australia's perplexing gas paradox and discuss potential solutions.

Key Takeaways

The East Coast Gas Cost Conundrum

The East Coast of Australia grapples with higher gas costs compared to the West Coast due to a lack of gas reservation policies [4]. Despite the nation's position as a major gas exporter, gas prices for Australian businesses remain elevated. This affects their competitiveness and viability.

Australia's Gas Market - A take of two coasts

The gas market in Australia is divided between the East Coast and the West Coast, with significant price discrepancies. On the East Coast, businesses struggle with higher gas costs, while the West Coast benefits from a reservation policy that maintains lower prices [4].

The Impact on Australian Businesses

The elevated gas costs on the East Coast pose a significant challenge for Australian businesses, particularly those in energy-intensive industries. Rising gas prices exert immense pressure on manufacturing, agriculture, and transportation sectors, jeopardising thousands of jobs [1].

Australia's Gas Export Boom

Australia's gas industry has experienced tremendous growth. This established the country as the leading global exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) [7][8]. However, the benefits of this export boom have not translated into adequate support for Australian businesses struggling with high gas prices domestically.

Australia's Position as a Global LNG Exporter

Australia's liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports have soared in recent years. This positioned the country as a dominant player in the global market. The growth in LNG exports has been driven by the development of export terminals and the establishment of trade relationships with various countries.

Neglecting Australian Businesses

While Australia enjoys the benefits of being a significant gas exporter, the domestic market has not received the same level of attention. The disparity between the thriving export industry and the neglected businesses on home soil raises concerns about the prioritisation of international markets over domestic needs.

The Paradox of Plenty

Australia's gas paradox stems from the coexistence of abundant natural gas reserves and soaring prices domestically. This paradox has implications for both consumers and businesses. It necessitates a deeper understanding of the factors contributing to this complex situation.

A Closer Look at Domestic Shortages

Despite being rich in natural gas reserves, Australia faces shortages in the domestic market. These shortages arise due to various factors such as limited exploration, regulatory uncertainties, and prioritisation of exports.

Impact on Consumers and Businesses

The gas paradox significantly impacts consumers and businesses across Australia. Soaring gas prices exert financial strain on households, while businesses face higher operational costs, reduced competitiveness, and potential closures. The ramifications of the gas paradox are far-reaching and require immediate attention.

The Urgent Need for Strategic Measures

Addressing the challenges posed by the Australian gas paradox necessitates the implementation of strategic measures to support domestic businesses and ensure energy security.

Revisiting Gas Reservation Policies

The introduction of gas reservation policies, similar to Western Australia's approach, could help mitigate the disparity in gas prices between the East Coast and the West Coast [4]. Exploring the potential for national gas reservation policies could be a crucial step in safeguarding Australian businesses.

Government Intervention and Price Controls

Government intervention, such as the implementation of temporary price controls, can offer relief to businesses grappling with high gas costs. These interventions can help stabilise prices and provide a supportive environment for domestic industries to thrive.

FAQs - Addressing Key Questions About Australia's Gas Market

To address common queries regarding the Australian gas market and the challenges faced by businesses, we've compiled a list of frequently asked questions along with concise answers.

FAQ 1: Why do East Coast gas prices remain higher for Australian businesses compared to the West Coast?

East Coast gas prices are influenced by the absence of gas reservation policies, which leads to limited supply and higher costs for businesses [4].

FAQ 2: How does Australia's position as the largest gas exporter impact domestic businesses?

Australia's gas export boom has not been adequately accompanied by measures to support domestic businesses, resulting in neglect and higher costs for Australian industries.

FAQ 3: What are the implications of the gas paradox for Australian consumers?

The gas paradox contributes to soaring gas prices domestically, placing financial strain on households and potentially impacting their living costs.

FAQ 4: Can strategic measures such as gas reservation policies help address the challenges?

Yes, implementing gas reservation policies, similar to Western Australia's model, can help balance gas prices and support Australian businesses [4].

FAQ 5: What role can government intervention play in mitigating the impact on businesses?

Government intervention through measures like temporary price controls and other supportive policies can provide relief to businesses grappling with high gas costs, offering a more stable environment for domestic industries.

FAQ 6: How can Australia ensure long-term energy security and support its businesses?

Ensuring long-term energy security requires a comprehensive approach, including investment in renewable energy sources, exploration of new gas reserves, and strategic planning to balance domestic and export demands.

Conclusion

The Australian gas market presents a paradoxical situation, with abundant natural gas reserves coexisting with domestic shortages and soaring prices. The disparity between East Coast and West Coast gas prices poses significant challenges for Australian businesses, impacting their competitiveness and viability. While Australia stands as the largest exporter of gas globally, the neglect of domestic industries raises concerns about the prioritisation of international markets over the needs of local businesses. To address these challenges, strategic measures such as gas reservation policies and government intervention are essential. By prioritising energy security and supporting businesses, Australia can navigate the complexities of the gas paradox and ensure a sustainable and thriving energy sector.

To keep up with the latest on gas pricing, check out our monthly Energy Market Wraps.

The Economic Inefficiency of Smart Meter Investment: A Critical Analysis

In the realm of energy management, smart meters have been hailed as the next step in modernisation. Digital devices, capable of recording and transmitting real-time energy usage data, are often portrayed as the key to unlocking a more efficient and sustainable energy future. However, a closer examination reveals a more complex picture. While smart meters offer certain advantages, their cost outweighs their benefits, leading to questions about the economic efficiency.

Key Insights. Two Decades of Smart Metering Economic Disappointment

  1. Despite their advanced features, the high implementation costs of smart meters outweighs their benefits, raising questions about their economic efficiency.
  2. Consumers, intended beneficiaries of smart meters, often face higher electricity bills due to the substantial costs associated with its implementation.
  3. Existing mechanical meters, due to their reliability and efficiency, make a strong case for their continued use, challenging the economic logic of premature replacement.
  4. The primary beneficiaries of smart meter rollouts appear to be electricity distributors and meter providers, rather than consumers. This suggests a skewed benefit distribution.
  5. A more balanced approach to energy system modernisation, including the exploration of cost-effective alternatives, is needed to ensure investments deliver tangible benefits and are economically sound.

The High Cost of Smart Meter Implementation

The financial implications of replacing existing meters with smart meters are substantial. According to a report by Oakley Greenwood, a leading consultancy in the energy sector, and a draft report by the Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC), the cost of smart meter installation is not insignificant. These costs include not only the price of the smart meters themselves but also the expenses associated with their installation and the necessary upgrades to the energy infrastructure.

Moreover, these costs are often passed on to the very people who are supposed to benefit from the smart meters: the consumers. As the AEMC draft report points out, the cost of installation is often reflected in higher electricity bills for consumers. This raises serious questions about the economic fairness of smart meter implementation. Are consumers really benefiting from it or are they simply footing the bill for the energy industry’s latest vanity project with an expensive and potentially unnecessary upgrade?

The Economic Logic of Retaining Mechanical Meters

Mechanical meters, the predecessors of smart meters, are still widely in use today. This is not due to a lack of technological advancement, but rather a testament to their reliability and efficiency. Mechanical meters have proven their worth over decades of use, and their replacement cannot be justified from a business perspective.

The economic logic of a new and replacement strategy underscores this point. Replacing working meters prematurely is economically unsound. It incurs unnecessary costs and wastes resources that could be better used elsewhere. The Oakley Greenwood report and the AEMC draft report both acknowledge this point. They also begrudgingly accepted the need for a measured approach to meter replacement.

The Limited Beneficiaries of Smart Meter Rollouts

A closer look at the beneficiaries of smart meter rollouts paints a rather different picture from the one often presented. The primary beneficiaries appear to be electricity distributors and meter providers, rather than consumers. This is a significant point of contention, as the cost of these rollouts is paid for by energy consumers in the form of higher electricity bills.

Evidence from the Australian Energy Regulator (AER) submissions supports this argument. The submissions highlight the financial gains made by electricity distributors and meter providers from smart meter rollouts. This raises questions about the fairness of the current system and whether it truly serves the best interests of consumers.

The Misleading Promise of Smart Meters

Smart meters have been promoted for their potential benefits, such as providing more granular consumption information and better price signals. However, these benefits are often overstated and do not necessarily justify the high cost of its implementation.

The promise of more detailed consumption information, for instance, is appealing. However, it is questionable whether this information is of practical use to the average consumer. Similarly, while better price signals could theoretically lead to more efficient energy use, there is little evidence to suggest that this has been the case in practice.

The Need for a More Balanced Approach

Given the high cost of smart meter implementation and the limited benefits for consumers, a more balanced approach is needed. This could involve maintaining existing mechanical meters and only replacing them when necessary. Such an approach would be more economically efficient and would avoid the unnecessary costs associated with premature meter replacement.

Furthermore, there may be other, more cost-effective technologies that could achieve the same benefits as smart meters. These alternatives should be explored and considered as part of a more balanced and economically sound approach to energy system modernisation. This approach would prioritise the interests of consumers. It will ensure that any investments in new technology deliver real and tangible benefits.

Revisiting the Thesis

TSmart meters, while touted as a tool for modernising energy systems, may not be the economically efficient investment they are often portrayed to be. The high cost of implementation, the economic logic of retaining mechanical meters, and the limited beneficiaries of smart meter rollouts are all negatives to smart metering investment.

The proposed benefits of smart meters, such as more granular consumption information and better price signals are overstated and do not justify the high cost of its implementation. This is overlooked by a regulator, and rules maker in the grip of their biggest source of funds - energy distributors.

A Call for a More Balanced Approach

A more balanced approach is needed for smart metering, including maintaining existing mechanical meters and only replacing them when necessary. That approach would be more economically efficient. There’s also the potential for other, more cost-effective technologies to achieve the same benefits as smart meters. Approaches and investigation that would lead to a more economically sound approach to energy system modernisation.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, while smart meters may offer certain benefits, their high cost and the limited benefits for consumers suggest that they may not be the most economically efficient investment. A more balanced approach, which takes into account the interests of consumers and the economic realities of energy management, is needed. This approach would ensure that investments in new technology are not only economically sound but also deliver real and tangible benefits for consumers.

AGL Business Energy: A Beacon in the Corporate World

AGL Business, an entity that has become synonymous with reliable and affordable energy solutions, is a beacon in the corporate world. It illuminates the path for businesses, from small enterprises to large corporations, guiding them towards energy efficiency and sustainability.

AGL is a major Australian energy retailer, offering a variety of services to business customers, including tailored electricity and gas plans, an online business portal for energy management, and dedicated support for business relocations. Businesses can compare AGL's pricing with other retailers using Energy Action's procurement services.

Guiding Lights: Key Highlights of AGL Business Energy Services

AGL Business: The Powerhouse of Energy Solutions

AGL Business is a powerhouse, providing a spectrum of energy solutions tailored to the unique needs of businesses. It offers electricity and gas plans that are as diverse as the businesses they serve. These plans are not just about supplying energy; they are about providing a reliable service that businesses can count on.

"AGL Business is not just about energy supply; it's about providing a reliable service that businesses can count on."

The company's commitment to affordability is evident in its billing and payment options. AGL Business understands that every business operates differently, and therefore, offers a variety of payment methods to cater to different operational styles. This flexibility is a testament to AGL's dedication to customer satisfaction.

AGL for Business: The Control Centre

At the heart of AGL Business's services is the AGL for Business portal, a control centre designed to empower businesses. This online tool allows businesses to monitor, analyse, and manage their energy usage and billing with ease. It's like having a personal energy advisor at your fingertips.

The portal provides a comprehensive view of a business's energy usage, carbon emissions, deductions, and credits. It's a treasure trove of data, offering valuable insights that can help businesses make informed decisions about their energy consumption.

"The AGL for Business portal is like having a personal energy advisor at your fingertips."

The portal's user-friendly interface allows users to check top-line account information for all their sites instantly. It also offers the convenience of viewing and downloading bills for up to two years and making payments directly from the dashboard. It's a one-stop shop for all your energy management needs.

A Smooth Transition: AGL Business Relocation Services

Relocating a business can be a daunting task, with a myriad of logistics to consider. AGL Business steps in here, acting as a reliable partner, ensuring a smooth transition of energy services to the new location. The company provides a streamlined process to move energy services, taking the stress out of the equation.

AGL Business understands that every move is unique. Therefore, it offers customised solutions for both small or medium businesses and large or multi-site businesses. The costs associated with connection or disconnection are transparent and vary depending on the state and whether a meter read is required.

"AGL Business ensures a smooth transition of energy services during business relocations."

Partnering for a Sustainable Future: AGL Business Partner Offers

AGL Business goes beyond providing energy solutions. It builds partnerships with businesses, offering special energy offers for business partners. These offers come with the freedom of no lock-in contract and no exit fees, providing businesses with the flexibility they need.

One of the standout features of these offers is the low rates for those who sign up for eBilling. This not only makes the billing process more efficient but also aligns with AGL's commitment to sustainability by reducing paper usage.

AGL Business is not just an energy provider; it's a sustainability advocate. It is working hard to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and minimise its environmental footprint. As an AGL customer, businesses have the added option to support projects that reduce emissions by going Carbon Neutral, certified by Climate Active.

"AGL Business is not just an energy provider; it's a sustainability advocate."

The AGL App: Your Energy Usage at Your Fingertips

To further enhance the customer experience, AGL Business offers the AGL app. This app allows businesses to shine a light on their energy usage. It provides bill estimates, allows for meter readings, facilitates bill payments, and offers account management on the go.

The AGL app is a powerful tool that puts control back in the hands of businesses. It's like having a personal energy advisor in your pocket, ready to provide insights and solutions at a moment's notice.

"The AGL app is a powerful tool that puts control back in the hands of the businesses."

Lighting the Way Forward

In conclusion, AGL Business is not just an energy provider. It's a partner that supports businesses in their journey towards energy efficiency and sustainability. From tailored energy plans to innovative online tools, from relocation services to special partner offers, AGL Business is lighting the way towards a more sustainable and energy-efficient future for businesses.

AGL Business is indeed a beacon in the corporate world, illuminating the path for businesses and guiding them towards a brighter, more sustainable future. Compare AGL’s business pricing to your current retailer by using Energy Action’s procurement services.

Unmasking Australia's 2024 Electricity Price Forecast

When it comes to the Australian electricity price forecast for 2024, the east and west coasts tell two very different tales. On one side, you've got the East Coast, swirling in the whirlpool of unpredictable energy costs. And the West Coast charms the spectators with its own blend of energy economics.. It's a plot that thickens in the world of business energy, engaging in the ebb and flow of supply, demand, and price patterns.

The difference is stark, particularly for those managing business energy. Contrasting forecasts provide valuable insight into energy procurement strategies. This allows businesses to make informed decisions and better manage their energy costs.

Inflation, Wages, and the Electric Tango

Let’s talk about inflation and wage increases. Here's where the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) takes the lead, tangoing with peak inflation of 8% by the end of 2022.

And what's causing this tango to quicken its pace? You've guessed it - rising energy costs. Yet, in this dance of economic indicators, wage increases are the wallflowers, shyly forecast to reach a mere 4% by June 2024. The RBA's crystal ball sees the Consumer Price Index (CPI) at 4.25% by the same time, a faster rhythm than wage increases.

But here's where it gets really interesting. The forecasted higher wholesale future prices signal "further strong increases in the retail electricity and gas prices in 2023". It's the kind of climactic twist you didn't see coming, isn't it?

To put it simply, as costs of living rise faster than incomes, businesses and households alike need to be savvy in managing their electricity use and costs.

In this storyline of Australian electricity prices, we are not merely spectators, but active players. Whether we play the game on the East Coast or the West, the plot is under our control. And as we head towards a future powered by renewable energy, we might just find a way to keep electricity costs in check. Stay tuned for the next moves in this electric saga.

The Puppet Master: Australian Energy Market Operator

Pivot to the stage of the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO). The Puppeteer behind it all. The AEMO's fingers pulling the strings, orchestrating a dance between aging coal plants and emerging renewable energy stars.

In its updated Electricity Statement of Opportunities report, AEMO projects a cliffhanger. We are looking at a drama where Australia's main electricity grid could probably evade major supply shortages in the summer of 2023-24. The aging coal plants, however, may be making their exit faster than the new renewables and storage projects can step into the limelight.

Consider South Australia and Victoria. Here, new gas, wind, and battery projects intercepted the anticipated supply gaps for 2023-24 and 2024-25 respectively. But, our puppet master forecasts 'reliability gaps' from 2025 onwards. With a couple of coal-fired power stations potentially dropping out of the national electricity market. This twist in the plot is an essential pointer for business energy managers who are strategizing for the long run.

The Labor Government's Energy Saga: A Renewed Hope?

Now, let's cast our eyes on the Labor Government's renewable energy plans. Remember the promise when they took office in May 2022? Power prices would fall by 2025 due to a rapid expansion of renewable energy. Experts, though, raised an eyebrow, predicting power prices would actually escalate.

In October 2022, the government forecast power prices to rise by 56% and gas prices by 44% over two years. This plot twist is attributed to the skyrocketing global coal and gas prices following Russia's invasion of Ukraine. The stage has been set for a showdown between renewable energy initiatives and the traditional energy market.


Journey into the Depths of Global Coal and Gas Prices

Take a deep dive into the world of global coal and gas prices, the mercurial beasts at the heart of our energy narrative.

When coal and gas prices surge, they drag Australian power prices along for the ride. They are intertwined in a dance of supply and demand, making energy procurement a challenging task. This energy waltz is not just a tale of commodities, but a saga that profoundly impacts the business energy sector.

The Final Scene: Dissecting 2024's Electricity Price Drivers

Cue the final scene. Here we are, standing at the cusp of 2024, trying to decipher the electricity price drivers. There are many variables including global coal and gas prices, domestic gas availability, and aging coal plants.

Adding to this matrix is the performance of renewable energy sources. With their increasing share in energy generation, they bring a fresh twist to the story.

In this intricate game, energy management strategies will need to be agile and responsive. By understanding these key drivers, businesses will be able to dance with uncertainties, and maybe even find a rhythm that reduces energy costs.

So here we stand, in the eye of the electricity storm, awaiting the future, eager to see how these forces will shape the energy landscape of 2024. The drama continues, and the next chapter promises to be riveting.

The Small Business Energy Incentive: How You Can Capitalise on Energy Efficiency

Australian business owners or managers may be eligible to take part in the Australian government's Small Business Energy Incentive. That’s right - it’s now easier than ever for small businesses to improve their energy efficiency and capitalise on the benefits of being powered by renewable energy sources.

The Australian government is encouraging small businesses to decrease their energy use and manage energy cost volatility in the long run. This effort will significantly contribute to Australia's ambitious goal of achieving a 43% reduction in 2005 emission levels by 2030.

What is the Small Business Energy Incentive?

The Small Business Energy Incentive, which went into effect as of April 30, 2023, is designed to help entice businesses to lower their energy costs and do their part to help Australia reach its 2030 emission reduction target.

Qualified businesses will be entitled to an additional 20% tax deduction on expenditures that support electrification and more efficient energy use when they make the switch to products like batteries, heat pumps, and efficient appliances..

How do I know if I’m eligible for the Small Business Energy Incentive?

In order to be one of the 3.8 million small to medium-sized businesses eligible for this incentive, your business must have an annual turnover of less than $50 million.

How to Apply for the Small Business Energy Incentive

The process of applying can be broken down into 5 steps:

  1. Check that your business has an annual turnover of less than $50 million.
  2. Invest in purchasing energy-efficient options such as batteries, heat pumps, and efficient appliances.
  3. Keep records of your energy-efficient investments to claim the incentive when you lodge your tax return.
  4. Claim the Small Business Energy Incentive when you lodge your tax return.

For more information, check out the Australian Tax Office webpage.

With effective energy management, even small businesses can contribute to Australia's net zero target. Our energy brokers can guide you through the process of energy procurement from renewable sources, making your journey towards energy efficiency smooth and rewarding.

For more information about energy management and how your business can take advantage of the Small Business Energy Incentive, visit our website. We provide professional advice on how to effectively reduce your energy costs and contribute to a more sustainable Australia.

Real revenue from Virtual Power Plants?: How businesses can create new revenue streams

When the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) announced its Virtual Power Plant (VPP) Demonstrations project in 2019, the aim was that VPPs would become more widely utilised and an integral part of the future energy market1. So, what is a Virtual Power Plant? According to AEMO, a VPP “Broadly refers to an aggregation of resources (such as decentralised generation, storage and controllable loads) coordinated to deliver services for power system operations and electricity markets.”2 

Importantly, a VPP bundles a group of controllable energy assets to trade power/energy into available markets. These assets could be solar farms, wind farms, combined heat/power units and storage systems such as batteries. This is where a VPP’s major benefit lies – as a medium between the market and Distributed Energy Resources (DER)’s. 

Driving decentralisation of the grid

The primary purpose of DERs is as another energy resource that can be integrated into the National Electricity Market (NEM) – to the benefit of consumers and support of system security. But DERs are already changing the way Australia manages its electricity, driving the ‘decentralisation of the energy grid’. The use of DERs is shifting generation away from the large, centralised power stations and towards on-site generation from households and businesses through rooftop solar, wind, etc.  

45% of Australia's electricity generation could be contributed by DER's by 20504

DER demand is only expected to grow. In fact, the Electricity Network Transmission Roadmap estimates that by 2050, DERs may contribute up to 45% of electricity generation3. Given the Australian government's commitment to a Net Zero future, this move towards decentralised energy provides Australian businesses with an opportunity to create new revenue streams by becoming a key part of this transition.  

VPPs are just getting started 

When the Virtual Power Plant project was announced in 2019, AEMO predicted that there would be 700MW of generation by 20221. While the reality hasn’t matched this3 VPPs are an important tool in the market, relieving the grid during peak times and facilitating renewable energy transition.  

Generating extra revenue from energy

The war in Ukraine, price inflation and high global demand has resulted in one of the worst energy crises ever seen. In Australia, business electricity prices have reached record highs, with the 2022 federal budget predicting even further rises5.  

Smart businesses, however, have found ways to create new revenue streams by contributing to the energy grid. By installing meters and monitoring usage businesses have been able to inject excess energy generation into the grid and generate welcome additional revenue. In fact, some retailers have even begun to offer this as a service, fast-tracking the implementation of monitoring and usage control to help businesses become part of a VPP.  

Join the experts at Energy Action for our upcoming webinar on how your business can take advantage of Virtual Power Plants to drive extra revenue.

Register now

Webinar - How your Business can Generate New Revenue through Virtual Power Plants

24 November, 10:00AM (AEDT)

Sources:

  1. https://aemo.com.au/en/initiatives/major-programs/nem-distributed-energy-resources-der-program/der-demonstrations/virtual-power-plant-vpp-demonstrations
  2. https://aemo.com.au/en/learn/industry-terminology
  3. https://ieefa.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/What-Is-the-State-of-Virtual-Power-Plants-in-Australia_March-2022_2.pdf
  4. https://arena.gov.au/renewable-energy/distributed-energy-resources/
  5. https://www.afr.com/politics/federal/electricity-bills-to-rise-despite-falling-coal-and-lng-prices-20221026-p5bt06